Today we learn that contamination of cereal-based foods could be a new risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease, of a new laboratory called CICLOPS to explore the nanoworld and that researchers have reproduced the conditions of supernova formation under a magnetic field in the lab.
In recent decades, the number of people with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases has increased in both developed and developing countries. These diseases can be caused by a number of factors, including exposure to certain food contaminants. For the first time, a team of researchers from INRAE and the PURPAN School of Engineering has shown that mycotoxins produced by fungi are among these contaminants. And more specifically, that low-dose exposure to the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol, which is most frequently found in cereals and cereal-based foods, increases the risk of chronic inflammatory bowel disease and exacerbates its symptoms. Their results are published in the journal Archives of Toxicology.
Journal reference: Payros, D., Ménard, S., Laffitte, J. et al. The food contaminant, deoxynivalenol, modulates the Thelper/Treg balance and increases inflammatory bowel diseases. Archives of Toxicology
« CICLOP », a new joint laboratory funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR), that brings together researchers from the CEA, CNRS, ENSICAEN, the University of Caen Normandy and ORSAY PHYSICS, will design new ion beam sources to explore the nanoworld. The laboratory, which will be located at the Centre de recherche sur les ions, les matériaux et la photonique (CIMAP) in Caen, will develop technologies and applications for electronics devices of the future.
A team led by researchers from the Laboratoire pour l’utilisation des lasers intenses (LULI) have reproduced the conditions in which supernova form under a magnetic field. They thus provide an explanation for the mysteriously elongated shape of some of the remnants of these star explosions.
Journal reference: Laboratory Study of Bilateral Supernova Remnants and Continuous MHD Shocks. P. Mabey et al.