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Are women perceived as worse magicians than men?, laser beams and plasma address gap in fusion research and artificial retina promises to restore vision

By 4th December 2019 February 10th, 2020 No Comments

For the same performance, a woman is still, sadly, considered less competent than a man, especially in stereotypically male domains. Cyril Thomas, lecturer at the University of Paris and amateur illusionist, participated in a European study that has just illustrated this effect by studying how magic tricks, a field mainly invested by men, are evaluated. The study is detailed in Social Psychological Bulletin.

Moving on to more uplifting news: the prospect of restoring vision in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or pigmentary retinopathies is moving closer to reality and many researchers are working on developing an artificial retina to fight blindness. In a new study, a team from the Institut de la Vision (Inserm-CNRS-Sorbonne University) led by Inserm researcher Serge Picaud has shown, in animal models, that a device manufactured by the company Pixium Vision could induce high resolution visual perception. The results, published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, pave the way for clinical trials in humans.

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An artificial retina developed by Pixium Vision. Credit: Serge Picaud

New research from the University of Rochester, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique will enhance the accuracy of computer models used in simulations of laser-driven implosions. The work, published in Nature Physics, addresses one of the challenges in scientists’ longstanding quest to achieve fusion, say the researchers.

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Researchers used the Omega Laser Facility at the Rochester’s Laboratory for Laser Energetics to make highly detailed measurements of laser-heated plasmas. (University photo / J. Adam Fenster)